FAQ

Does ‘Australian’ mean made in Australia by an Australian owned company?

Too right it does! But that’s not true of our competitors’ brands. Consumers need to be reading the fine print on labels and packaging to get the whole picture. Some companies may say ‘Made in New Zealand’, but look at where the wool comes from. Others might say ‘A 100% USA company’, but that might include manufacture in Asian or Central Amercican ‘sweatshops’.



What does micron count actually mean?

The Micron Count System measures the exact diameter of the wool. One micron is equal to 1/25400th of an inch or one millionth of a meter so when measuring special testing equipment is required. For testing, two fleece samples are taken from different parts of the fleece and sent to a lab for measuring. The results of these two tests are averaged out with the average being the Micron Count assigned to that fleece. In this system, the lower the count number, the finer the fleece.



What does ‘layering’ mean?

Whether you’re travelling the world or adventuring closer to home, some basic clothing principles will help protect you from the elements and keep you warm, dry and comfortable whatever the weather conditions.

The key to purchasing the right clothing is the concept of layering. Wearing several thin layers, rather than one thick one, provides better insulation by trapping warm air between the layers. And if you get too hot, you can always remove a layer to cool down.

If you plan to be more active, then an outer layer which is waterproof and breathable will allow your body moisture out, whilst stopping wind and rain from getting in.

The basic principle of layering is the ability to regulate your body temperature, through the different items of clothing that you wear. The different layers of clothing have different individual properties; such as to wick moisture with a base layer, insulate with a mid layer and protect from wind and rain with an outer layer.

When choosing what combination of layers to wear you should consider:
• The weather conditions. (Is it going to be wet, snowy, dry or humid?) 
• Your level of activity. (Are you going to be walking the dog, hiking or skiing?) 
• Your own body thermostat. (Do you naturally get cold or hot?) 
All of these three points will affect the level of temperature, waterproofing and breathability which you should look for in the garments which you buy.



What about Merino and Polypropylene combined?

Polypropylene is the best wicker of moisture, whilst the best natural thermal fibre is wool. So we knitted the 2 yarns together, with the polypro layer next to the skin and the outer layer being merino. What we developed was 'Duotherm' – The ultimate thermal control fabric!



Can Polartec® fabrics really be made from soft drink bottles?

Of course! Nearly all Polartec fabrics are 100% polyester and they try and use as much recycled polyester as possible. This in turn helps to reduce the impact on our planet. Polyester is used due to its textile strength, low moisture regain and its ability to bond to water repellency, wicking and fabric dye treatments.



What are the differences between ‘worsted’ spun and ‘woollen spun’ yarns?

Worsted spun yarn making involves combing out the shorter fibres (noils – which are generally incorporated into woollen spun blends) and arranging those longer fibres that remain parallel to the length of the yarn. Various systems, involving different machines and processes, achieve the same result in different ways. The resultant yarn is compact and tough, and tends to enhance the lustre of the fibre, because of the way the light is reflected from its surface.

Woollen spun yarn is made from fibres of differing length, and randomly arranged in the yarn, which therefore tends to be loftier, not as fine and the resultant yarn is not as durable and is less stable.

To further point up these differences, worsted spun yarn tends to be made from more lustrous, straighter fibre, and woollen spun yarn from curlier, courser fibre.
Lastly, rather confusingly, the terms worsted-spun and woollen-spun refer to the processes - so both worsted spun and woollen yarn can be spun from wool or synthetic fiber!



Muelsing?

Damned if you do. Damned if you don’t.

Due to our warm weather climate, mulesing has long been practiced to prevent sheep from dying of flystrike. This is where the sheep is quite literally eaten alive by fly maggots. For further information click on link below:

www.woolisbest.com/animal_welfare/mulesing/

A new board has recently been voted into the Australian Wool Growers marketing body AWI (Australian Wool Innovation).

New AWI Chairman reaffirms board position on flystrike prevention – 24th November 2008

The new Chairman of Australian Wool Innovation (AWI), Wal Merriman, has reaffirmed that there has been no fundamental change to AWI's position on mulesing as a result of the Board election two days ago.

Mr Merriman said a resolution of the previous Board in regard to flystrike prevention passed in March this year was still the position.

"I have seen much misinformation since the election of the new board and felt it was important to set the record straight," Mr Merriman said.

"Everyone on the new Board wants to see an end to mulesing as soon as possible but it can only be achieved when viable alternatives are in place.

"Under my Chairmanship AWI will continue the necessary research to find alternatives, but the nature of research and development is such that it is a complex procedure which requires testing and trialling and then peer assessment before new animal welfare measures can be brought to the marketplace.

"While it's my genuine hope that this can be achieved by the designated phase out date, it's also my hope that animal activists realise that the Australian industry is genuinely seeking viable alternatives.

"Genetic selection has already allowed many woolgrowers a better way of dealing with flystrike management issues on their properties. The National Wool Declaration (NWD) allows buyers to source various types of wool that will satisfy their corporate social responsibility requirements.

He said AWI would continue to fund research into finding viable alternatives and in line with the earlier board resolution, continued to support the use of pain relief in those cases where woolgrowers mulesed their lambs.